Context: Horses and Work in the Late 1800's
People didn't just use horses for transportation; they also used them to haul goods to the market, and carry things. Horses were also used for entertainment in the winter time. They would pull sleighs, so people could have sleigh rides. Horses also pulled carriages.
For hard and heavy work, farmers used their draft horses. Draft horses were big and very strong. The owners of the farm looked after their horses and treated them like family. They would give their horses nice names, and names that were similar to their own. The family horse was usually included in the family picture. When names were written on the back, people couldn't tell the horse's name apart from the other family members'.
Horses were also used for many other types of work, like road-making and cutting ice. Horses also pulled hearses for funerals, and soldiers used horses for military purposes. Blacksmiths were an important part of daily life because they made horse shoes, shod horses, and made metal parts for harnesses and other equipment.
Road Making, O'Leary, PEI
PARO, Acc 2767/28