Trains were used a lot around 1900 on P.E.I. Trains were used to ship goods, carry passengers around the Island, and sometimes were even used to carry bodies to the graveyard for burial.
The Prince Edward Island Railway started in May 1875, and the trains stopped running in 1989 because automobiles had become so popular. For a long time, trains were the most dependable transportation in the summer. In the winter, old-time trains had big plows on the front to clear the snow off the tracks.
Trains were a big part of Island travel, so every city and town had to have its own train station. (See the map in the picture for the station stops in 1884.) Most of the train stations were just little three-walled shacks, but some of them, like the Charlottetown train station, were huge stations.
People used to use horses to pull carriages, buggies and sleighs for getting around in the late 1800's and early 1900's, just as we use cars today. These vehicles were mostly made of wood, and there were different types of vehicles for different occasions. Single-seated buggies were used to carry one or two people; double-seated buggies carried more people. Sleighs were used in the winter for travelling over snow and sometimes ice, and came in different sizes. Smaller sleighs were used to carry a few people, and large sleighs might be used for fun excursions in the wintertime. Carriages also came in different sizes, and different types were used for different occasions.
In the 1800's and early 1900's, the blacksmith was very important to every day life on Prince Edward Island. Blacksmiths made goods out of metal using a forge. You had to be very talented with metals and iron if you were going to be a blacksmith; you had to know how to work the metal or iron properly to be a good blacksmith. There was usually a blacksmith shop close to everybody's home back then.
Bicycles became popular in the early 1800's. They were invented in Europe. There were 1.4 billion bicycles in use by 1900. People used bicycles around the world and still use them, even today. The first pedal bicycle was made in 1839; it didn't have a name. Bicycles with two equal-sized wheels, like the ones we use today, were developed in the late 19th century. They quickly became popular.
The first automobiles developed were very loud and smelled vile. In 1908, there were only about seven automobiles on Prince Edward Island. Almost everyone hated automobiles at first, because horses were afraid of them. Horses were afraid of automobiles because of the smell and the sound that they made. Horses would be able to smell an automobile before it got to the horse's location. Horses also didn't want to go to certain areas when the smell of fuel was in that area.